- Copyright © 2005 Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
This article is focused on the spatial variability of earthquake strong motion and its relationship with the performance of water-distribution pipelines provided by Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (ladwp) and residential buildings. Analyses of strong-motion characteristics and their correlations with pipeline and building damage were conducted with an immense geographical information system (gis) database for the 1994 Northridge earthquake, which was collected, digitized, and organized by researchers at Cornell. There are statistically significant correlations among pipeline repair rate (repairs/km) and peak ground velocity (pgv) for cast iron, ductile iron, asbestos cement, and steel pipe. Statistically significant regressions have been developed between damage ratio, dr (percent of existing structures with damage equal to or exceeding a particular damage factor, df [percent of building replacement cost]) and the magnitudes of seismic parameters, such as pgv and spectrum intensity (si). Regressions developed between dr and scaled seismic parameters (seismic parameters normalized with respect to df) resulted in predictive equations having a very high degree of statistical significance. Algorithms to visualize damage patterns for buildings were developed and validated to choose optimal gis mesh dimensions and contour intervals. Ordinary kriging was used to develop regressions of pipeline repair rate and residential building dr associated with 90% confidence pgv and spectrum intensity (weighted average pseudovelocity). Such regressions provide an explicit means of characterizing the uncertainty embodied in the strong-motion data.